MAIB: Car Carrier, Ferry Collided due to ‘Motion Illusion’

The distortion of the pilot’s spatial awareness due to ‘relative motion illusion’ aboard the Panama-flagged car carrier City of Rotterdam was reported as the cause of a collision between the vessel and the DFDS-owned ferry Primula Seaways in early December 2015.

The incident between Primula Seaways and City of Rotterdam in the Humber Estuary, UK, stemmed from the latter being set to the northern side of the Bull Channel by the wind and the tidal stream, followed by the distortion of its pilot’s spatial awareness, a report from the UK Marine Accident Investigation Branch (MAIB) shows.

The MAIB investigation identified that the outbound City of Rotterdam had moved into the path of the inbound ferry, but this had not been corrected because the pilot on board had become disoriented after looking through an off-axis window on the semi-circular shaped bridge.

“The pilot was under the impression that the vessel was heading to the south, whereas its heading was not altered significantly beyond the axis of the channel until collision was imminent,” MAIB informed.

The report also shows that the interventions made by VTS were not “sufficiently robust” to make the pilot appreciate that more aggressive action was required to avoid the developing collision situation.

Moreover, the absence of any challenge or intervention by City of Rotterdam’s bridge team until collision was imminent indicates an over-reliance on the pilot and a breakdown in the bridge resource management on that vessel. In addition, although Primula Seaways’ bridge team had identified the risk of collision and had taken action to clarify the pilot’s intentions, substantial action to avoid the collision was taken too late to be effective.

Although, both vessels suffered damage in the collision, they made their way to Immingham without assistance. Primula Seaways suffered damage to its bow above the waterline, while City of Rotterdam’s bow was damaged in way of the forward mooring deck, the forward hydraulic room, and car decks 5 and 6.

There was no pollution and there were no serious injuries.

MAIB added that City of Rotterdam’s classification society Bureau Veritas has been recommended to propose measures to the International Association of Classification Societies that are aimed at raising the awareness of relative motion illusion and promoting the need for naval architects and shipbuilders to adhere to internationally accepted ergonomic principles for bridge design.

Share this article

Follow World Maritime News

In Depth>

Events>

<< Nov 2019 >>
MTWTFSS
28 29 30 31 1 2 3
4 5 6 7 8 9 10
11 12 13 14 15 16 17
18 19 20 21 22 23 24
25 26 27 28 29 30 1

CWC World LNG Summit & Awards Evening

The CWC World LNG Summit & Awards Evening will be returning to Rome in 2019 to celebrate it’s 20th year.

read more >

Offshore Wind Europe 2019

#OWEU19 is a meeting place for governments, developers and suppliers to grow the confidence in wind power. Perfect to grow your business by securing new customers, meeting officials and industry heads.

read more >

6th Mozambique Gas Summit & Exhibit

This year’s edition will have a revamped programme for attendees.

read more >

CrewConnect Global 2019

CrewConnect Global is the leading forum for collaboration to advance new industry approaches to seafarer recruitment and training.

read more >