The growth of liquefied natural gas (LNG) carriers over the past decade has been synonymous with the growth in global LNG import and export capacity. However, in recent years the increase in LNG cargoes hitting the market has led to an oversupply problem, causing a significant decline in LNG spot prices, according to Westwood Global Energy Group.
This oversupply has heavily impacted the LNG carrier market resulting in appetite for newbuild carriers to dwindle. In 2016, orders for newbuild LNG carriers amounted to only 6 units, excluding two optional orders, which represents a 92% decline compared to the number of LNG carriers ordered in 2014.
The recent focus on the LNG market oversupply and the continuous growth in LNG export capacity is, however, masking the continuous increase in LNG demand. Whilst increasing demand has been driven by traditional demand hubs, such as China and India, several new LNG importers including Poland, Jordan, Malta, and Pakistan have also emerged in the last two years.
Westwood expects this trend to continue, as 16 additional countries, including Bangladesh, India, Russia, and Sri Lanka, commission their first floating import units (FSRUs) over the 2017-2021 period.
Over the forecast period, much of the LNG that will drive supply increase, will come from mega projects like Chevron’s Wheatstone in Australia, as well as North American projects such as Next Decade’s Rio Grande and Cheniere’s Corpus Christi. The increase in demand will be driven by small and medium sized projects dotted across the world.
“As a result, LNG carriers will have to travel longer distances from supply bases such as the US to Asia/Europe or East Africa to Asia and this could potentially lead to an increase in carrier demand.”
This latter situation provides a silver lining to a recent gloomy market, as over 219 newbuild LNG carriers are expected to be delivered over the 2017-2021 period, including 17 new units that have been ordered in 2017. The expected deliveries also include 92 newbuild LNG carriers, which are yet to be ordered. Over 80% of LNG carriers ordered in recent years have trended towards the large conventional carriers of 150,000-179,999 m3.
Whilst Westwood still expects oversupply to persist beyond the forecast period, continuous pro-gas energy policies in Asia in combination with expanding LNG trade routes are expected to support the demand for newbuild LNG carriers.